Battle of the Lizard by Jean Antoine Théodore Gudin

19th century painting of the Battle of the Lizard by French artist Jean Antoine Théodore Gudin.

The naval Battle of the Lizard (French: Combat du Cap Lézard) took place on 21 October 1707 during the War of the Spanish Succession near Lizard Point, Cornwall, between two French squadrons under René Duguay-Trouin and Claude de Forbin and an English convoy protected by a squadron under Commodore Richard Edwards.

On 20 October 1707, a large merchant fleet consisting of 80 to 130 English ships left Plymouth for Portugal with supplies for the war in Spain. There were five escorting English ships under the command of Commodore Edwards.

They were spotted on the 21st near Lizard Point by 2 French squadrons of 6 ships each. Forbin was the senior French officer, but Duguay-Trouin was the more aggressive, and his ships led the attack and suffered most of the damage, after Forbin had discovered the British convoy.

This battle was almost a complete victory for the French; the 80-gun Cumberland and the 50-gun ships Chester and Ruby were taken, but Royal Oak escaped into Kinsale with a few merchantmen. The 80-gun Devonshire defended herself for several hours against seven French ships until she caught fire and blew up with 3 men escaping out of 500.

There is no unanimity on the number of merchant ships captured. French sources speak of 60 ships out of 80.

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